"In the long run, this will break the system and is not sustainable," said the minister. A reform of the law requiring the development of energy from the sun, wind or biomass had only come into force in january. This area is not part of rosler’s remit for the energy turnaround – federal environment minister norbert rottgen (CDU) is responsible.
Rosler is now advocating abandoning the fixed feed-in tariffs guaranteed for 20 years under the german renewable energies act (EEG). Instead, the minister wants to oblige utilities to supply a certain portion of their electricity from renewable sources. You could choose the form of production. This quantity model will draw out efficiency competition, rosler said.
Until now, eco-energy producers have received fixed payments per kilowatt hour of electricity. The difference between the prices obtained on the market for electricity and the remuneration is paid by consumers through the levy on the price of electricity. For an average household, the demand costs currently account for about 125 to 130 euros.
For 2012, the total cost of claims is expected to be around 14 billion euros. With the help of the renewable energies act (EEG), which was introduced in 2000 and has found many imitators in europe, the share of eco-electricity has climbed to 20 percent – making it the second largest source of electricity generation, behind lignite and ahead of nuclear power and hard coal.
Rosler particularly reiterated his criticism of the solar requirement. There is a "glaring discrepancy between the level of demand and the contribution of photovoltaics to the power supply, which seems to me to be neither economically sensible nor energy-economically viable," he said.
However, at the party conference in may 2011, at which rosler was elected chairman, the FDP had clearly declared its support for the current solar demand model. It provides for automatic shortcuts when a certain number of new plants come online. In rostock, the party also supported the reform of the renewable energies act, which, as of this year, is intended to integrate eco-electricity more strongly into the competitive market and to initiate a gradual departure from the feed-in tariff system.
Rottgen repeatedly emphasized that the EEG was not a permanent requirement, but rather a start-up financing solution. Renewable energies had to be made marketable one step at a time – and costs had to be kept in mind. Because solar plants with a total of 7,500 megawatts of power were connected to the grid in 2011, more than ever before, rottgen wants to talk to the industry next week about further reductions in order to avoid excessive cost increases for consumers.